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St Peter, Gorleston-on-Sea
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Work began on the church in 1938, and was completed before the outbreak of the Second World War. Just about everything here is Gill's, although some of it was completed on his behalf, because he was already very ill and died of cancer in 1940. The quiet red brick of the church exterior hides an interior of quiet yet breath-taking beauty. Gill created a cruciform church around a central altar, a fairly revolutionary idea in the 1930s but one which would become commonplace after the reforms of the Second Vatican Council in the 1960s. The tower above the altar is supported on pointed crossing arches springing from the floor, and these arches are repeated throughout the building. It is said that Gill had some doubt that the arches would succeed in supporting the tower, and it was not until the workmen removed the supports that it was realised that they would.
Gill made the altar and font in his High Wycombe workshop, and it is his lettering around the base of the altar. Some of the decorative details within the church, like the fresco in the tower, were completed by his son-in-law Denis Tegetmeier to Gill's designs. The major feature which is not the work of Gill is the east window, depicting the Risen Christ flanked by his Blessed Mother and St Peter. These were installed in 1963 to the design of another High Wycombe artist, Joseph Nuttgens, who had been Gill's friend. Nuttgens' claimed that he had helped Gill to design the church, but had never been given credit for this. As Gill had insisted on plain glass throughout, Nuttgens called the east window his 'revenge on Gill', but it is very fine, not overstated and not intrusive. It is hard to think that the church would be improved without it. There is more stained glass in the south chancel chapel, by Chapel Studios, installed in 1994. It depicts Our Lady of Walsingham and the Slipper Chapel at the National Shrine.
The excellent church guide quotes FionaMacCarthy's biography of Gill: he seized on the project as a long-awaited opportunity to put into practice a multitude of related ideas about building, preaching, singing, church history, world politics, all burgeoning out from the elementary question: What is a church? Gill chose brick for the project rather than the contemporarily popular concrete because he was concerned about the way local crafts were being superceded by what he called 'mechanical town methods'. He insisted that local workmen and artisans were used on the project, who must have thought him a rather wild figure with his flowing hair and monk's robes. The church was opened on the 14th June 1939 by the Bishop of Northampton, and it was consecrated in 1963. It underwent a fairly major restoration in the 1990s, when changes which had been made to the integrity in the years since were restored to Gill's vision.
Simon Knott, September 2010
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